COURSE DESCRIPTION

As a democracy, the Philippines holds elections so the people can choose who will run government for them.

Government is the system by which a society maintains the necessary order so members of society can live in harmony. Government also makes laws, new legislation as well as amend old ones as necessary. The same government exacts taxes and plans the budget to implements programs for the benefit and service of the people.

The vote or the ballot is a profound act that deserves greater appreciation and understanding by the voter. It is done as specified by the Constitution on an assigned day in a scheduled cycle of elections.

Currently, in the Philippines, elections are held every three years, a national election every six years, which includes the vote for president and vice president, 12 seats for the Senate and a representative for local districts, including party-list seats, to sit in the House of Representatives (HOR), for officials of the provincial government, mayors and councilors. 

The Omnibus Election Code of the Philippines specifies the processes for registration and the actual voting process.

If a country holds elections, it passes the first basic test to be ranked as a democracy.

But to make elections meaningful, those who vote must have an understanding of the government system and the requirements of the office. Voters must see themselves as citizens in a democracy with rights and obligations. Each citizen of voting age must appreciate the significance of his or her vote, and the reasons for voting for a certain candidate and not another.

Where does the voter learn to be a good voter?

This course is part of the answer. But it is not focused only on the vote but on democracy as a system or way of life. Without universal democracy education for all our democracy will never grow.

This is an introductory course. It will not provide the user with everything that can be learned about democracy.

But it will present the core issues and principles of democracy, its practice and its values. This digital training program hopes to teach the meaning of democracy and its fundamental principles, as well as its purpose, and how it is different from other systems of government.

It is designed as a quick course to fix the basic points about democracy, its essence and some notes on conditions required for the democratic system to work.

It can be used as supplementary learning exercises, incorporated in a course of study; or used on its own as a program to introduce students to the ideas of democracy.  It could be useful for home-room time or general assemblies. It may be useful for student organizations as a component that could enhance co- or extra-curricular activities.

SESSIONS